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QuantumATK => Questions and Answers => Topic started by: Bikramdeb Chakraborty on January 9, 2021, 10:18

Title: Effect of less (less than 15 angstrom) vacuum region in context of periodic inte
Post by: Bikramdeb Chakraborty on January 9, 2021, 10:18
Usually we assume a vacuum region greater than 15 angstrom to eliminate any effect of periodic interaction. My question is that whay it is 15 angstrom? If we assume less than 15 angstrom vacuum region what will happen to the structure and what is the physics behind it.
Title: Re: Effect of less (less than 15 angstrom) vacuum region in context of periodic inte
Post by: Petr Khomyakov on January 12, 2021, 10:57
I do not think there is any magic vacuum thickness such as 15 Ang to assume that artifacts of using periodic boundary conditions are eliminated. One should always verify if the results are converged with respect to this parameter.

Note that the best way to avoid this issue is to use Dirichlet/Neumann boundary conditions  in left/right vacuum region for slab calculations, and Dirichlet and Neumann for the left electrode and right vacuum region for surface Green's function calculations, i.e., for one-probe device. One still has to choose vacuum regions carefully, checking that there exist sufficiently large, flat potential (e.g., HartreeDifferencePotential) regions in vacuum near the boundaries.